Study Shows Black Boys Receive the Bulk of Harsh Disciplinary Measures in School
New research shows black students — and particularly black males — continue to receive the bulk of disciplinary measures in San Diego Unified schools and in California public schools more broadly.
“When we look at this, the highest rates of suspension disparity, it’s not in high school, it’s not in middle school, it’s not even in latter elementary. It’s in early childhood education, kindergarten through third grade where black boys are 522% more likely to be suspended than their peers,” said the study’s lead author, Luke Wood, who teaches at San Diego State University (KPBS).
Despite increased emphasis on equity in discipline, suspensions of Black students at San Diego Unified rose from 7.8% to 8.6% between 2014 and 2019. At Montgomery Middle School in the Linda Vista, over one-third of Black students were suspended during the 2018-2019 school year.
The study also revealed disturbing statistics about the use of mechanical restraints. Black students, who only comprise 5% of statewide enrollment, accounted for 31% of restraint actions.